Chairman of Fenaka Corporation, Mohamed Nadheem has resigned after anti-graft watchdog Anti-Corruption Commission (ACC) launched a probe into theft of USD 1 million from state coffers.
No official confirmation has been made in this regard and the reason for the same is stated to unclear
Nadheem is the husband of former President Maumoon Gayoom’s daughter Yumna Maumoon
The company is undergoing major changes in top management after the allegations of corruption
MVR 17 million issued by the corporation USD 1 million went missing in August this year
Former Managing Director of Fenaka Corporation, Ahmed Nimal was removed from his position on September 26
Nadheem in his resignation letter to Privatisation board said:
Since my appointment to the post on December 25, 2013 I have performed my duties sincerely, to the best of his abilities. He said that he worked with the aim of achieving goals, related to the company, outlined in the Progressive Party of Maldives (PPM) manifesto. With the help of the company’s board, I tried to make the 24-hour electricity pledge a reality. I worked for the betterment of the Maldivian people.
The Maldives- almost invisible on the world map, often ignored in world statistics for its tiny size in the vast Indian Ocean- has made it to the map, unfortunately for highest divorce rate!
Courtesy: The Telegraph
The Sunni Muslim island with just 3,45,023 population has the divorce rate of 10.97 per year per 1,000 inhabitants followed by Russia at the second spot with less than half the number of divorces as Maldives, according to a report by The Telegraph.
The number makes the Maldives enter the Guinness World Records, and according to United Nations, an average Maldivian woman has been divorced three times by the age of 30.
“The island of a thousand honeymoons. And … a thousand divorces,” writes journalist Shannon Sims calling it ‘the paradise where everyone is divorced’.
The reason, most arguably, points out to Islam, Sharia laws, stigma around sex, and sexuality of a woman.
Divorce- No Taboo!
J J Robbinson, the former editor of the Maldives Independent, in his first investigative account of the everyday lives of Maldivians, writes that the country has exploited Islamic sentiments for subordinating women in the country by criminalising pre-marital sex or extramarital sex leading to higher divorce rate. “Tourists on romantic resort getaways blissfully sun themselves on beaches a few hundred feet from ‘local’ islands where Maldivian women are routinely sentenced to 100 lashes for the crime of extramarital sex,” he writes.
He cites observations made by famous Islamic explorer Ibn Battuta where he argues that in the Maldivian culture where people do not fix dowry makes it easier for them to married.
“It is easy to marry in these islands because of the smallness of the dowries and the pleasures of society which the women offer,” Battuta wrote in the 14th century. “Most people do not even fix any dowry. When the ships put in, the crew marry; when they intend to leave, they divorce their wives. This is a kind of temporary marriage (muta). I have seen nowhere in the world women whose society was more pleasant.”
And for getting divorced, a man has to say ‘I divorce you’ three times under the triple talaq Islamic law. Women, though, has to go through a legal process but interestingly there is no stigma around getting divorced, unlike pre-marital sex. “I recall one recently married fisherman boasting that his new wife had been married six times; this, he explained with a sly wink, meant she was experienced. The figure was about average for a woman in her forties,” Robbinson writes.
Patriarchy, Like Everywhere, Rules The Marriage
Besides, the religious-cultural nexus to higher divorce rate, the much universal patriarchal mindset and the resulting sexual and domestic violence are also the reasons for the overwhelming trend.
Nearly 33 per cent women in the country are reportedly victims of sexual of physical violence and of them, nearly 20 per cent are perpetrated by their partners, and to most Maldivians it is quite acceptable or even desirable for a husband to beat his wife, or have physical or sexual supremacy.
A 29-year-old, who felt obliged to marry her boyfriend after having sex with him at the age of 15; who later became a victim of his violent nature, says as quoted by Maldives Independent,
Maldives may rank highest in the world for divorces, but at least the ease in getting a divorce ensures women or men do not stay in abusive or unhappy relationships
In December last year, the Maldives had a meltdown when a 35-year-old woman from Gaaf Dhaal Thinadhoo died after fighting a long battle in the intensive care unit of a hospital in Male. She was brutally raped by her husband.
Her death was followed by marches, social media activism but proved that a little has been changed since the government passed Domestic Violence Prevention Act in 2012.
Polygamy- Men’s Duty To Keep Women On Right Path
In March this year, during gender equality debate in the People’s Majlis, MP Ahmed Saleem held women responsible for infidelity and suggested that it was a man’s duty to keep them on right path.
Saleem said, ” Women drive men to mental illnesses and crime because of their infidelity. Women are fragile like glass. They can become anything if we do not know how to look after them. The prophet said if a women turns evil, she is worse than a lion… We try to guard them to reform our societies,” he continued giving example of a fellow MP who has three wives, “There is none better than Riyaz Rasheed. Look, he looks after three women to ensure that they do not stray from the right path. This is our duty.”
The PPM dominated 85-member Majlis, where there are just 5 women MPs, threw out the proposal for reserving quotas for women 36 votes that day.
Equal Pay For Equal Work, But Is It Enough?
Later in August, Social Committee of the Parliament passed the gender equality bill prohibiting gender discrimination in employment fields assuring equal pay for equal work but no effort was put in reforming social fabric of the fundamentals of Islamic ruling where death for infidelity, covert abortions to hide the “illegal” out-of-wedlock child & polygamy are rampant.
Former State Minister for Gender and Family, Haala Hameed speculates that more women entering workforce is also one of the reasons for higher divorce- as there is no basic childcare facility and working women are often seen negatively causing tension withing families leading to higher divorce rate.
The Maldives has called upon the rich countries to ratify the climate change agreement reached in Paris last December, warning that the clock was ticking and there was no time to waste.
Thoriq Ibrahim, environment and energy minister of the Maldives, told the Guardian that the industrialised countries must ratify the agreement that was reached more than six months ago as soon as possible, and that it should be a matter of urgency for them.
The Maldives is one of the world’s most at-risk nations and one of the only countries to have passed the accord into law.
France ratified the Paris agreement only earlier this month and became the first large industrialized nation to do so.
As many as 200 countries agreed to hold global warming to no more than 2C above pre-industrial levels in the Paris accord.
Ibrahim said time was running out for the poorest nations, likely to be most affected by climate change.
“France’s ratification is not only another indication of how seriously the international community takes the Paris agreement, but it also brings us another step closer to having it take effect,” he said.
“Small island states were the first 14 countries to ratify the agreement and deposit their instruments of approval with the UN. We encourage all countries, large and small, to do the same.”
Ibrahim added: “The faster we bring the climate agreement into force, the faster we can take the action required. And we have no time to waste.”
Ibrahim said that analysis of the most recent data from the government research station showed variable levels of coral bleaching.
“We are closely monitoring the situation through assessment of permanent [coral] sites. It is important that we understand the recovery process on a scientifically sound basis.”
Ibrahim added the government and the private sector were conducting research into reef health, with a view to helping the reefs recover from their bleaching. But the future survival of the reefs would be dependent on the world keeping to the limits on carbon agreed in Paris.
“It is important that we keep anthropogenic impacts to a minimum at the critical time of recovery,” he said. “We intend to widen the scope of environmental impact assessments of developments on reefs so that project activities that impact corals and coral reef habitats will be minimised.”
The government has proposed a bill to amend the 2007 Civil Services Act that will ensure greater control over the Civil Service Commission. According to the amendment, no permanent secretary and top level government official will be appointed without consulting the ministers.
Jumhooree Party leader and Kinbidhoo MP Abdulla Riyaz expressing concern over the bill said that all permanent secretaries might lose their jobs if the proposed amendment in the 2007 civil service law is passed in the Parliament alleging that all the incumbent permanent secretaries will be replaced.
Here are the major developments on the 2007 Civil Service Law:
Ruling party MP Abdul Latheef Mohamed proposed amending the 2007 Civil Service Law on the first day of the session on behalf of the government
He proposed to amend Article 55(a) of the Civil Service Act which will make it compulsory for the Civil Service Commission to consult ministers before appointing permanent secretaries and top level government officials
Riyaz, debating on the bill said that the bill poses threat for all the incumbent permanent secretaries and a number of educated and experienced individuals would lose their jobs if the bill is passed
He added that if permanent secretaries are not performing well then there can be alternatives to address the issue and amendments which strengthen the institution should be brought instead of the one that weakens it
The bill has been forwarded to the Committee on Independent Commission for evaluation as only 32 members voted in favour of the bill while 18 members voted against it
The secretaries who are primarily responsible for managing and assisting the ministry and its employees- after the amendment is passed- will be doing their job “in accordance with the minister’s advice and instructions”
The 2007 Civil Service Act established independent Civil Service Commission. In 2008, the commission was set up and its members were appointed by the parliament instead of executive to tone down the influence of President over bureaucracy
Ismail Ali Manik, former permanent secretary of the finance ministry had resigned in December over president’s office’s decision to fire more than 70 staff
President Abdulla Yameen also received flak over his warning to cut wages of the striking staff and for calling 24,000-strong civil service as “overstaffed”